Project profile — Fiscal Decentralisation and Resiliency-Building for Iraq



Overview 

CA-3-D002203001
$9,548,842
Institute on Governance (CA-CRA_ACR-3132056631)
2015-09-04 - 2020-04-30
Closed
Global Affairs Canada
EGM Europe, Arctic, Middle East and Magh

Country / region 

• Iraq (100.00%)

Sector 

• Decentralisation and support to subnational government:
Decentralisation and support to subnational government (15112) (50.00%)
Democratic participation and civil society (15150) (50.00%)

Policy marker 

• Gender equality (not targeted)
• Environmental sustainability (cross-cutting) (not targeted)
• Participatory development and good governance (principal objective)
• Trade development (not targeted)
• Biodiversity (not targeted)
• Climate change mitigation (not targeted)
• Climate Change Adaptation (not targeted)
• Urban issues (not targeted)
• Desertification (not targeted)
• Children's issues (not targeted)
• Youth Issues (not targeted)
• Indigenous Issues (not targeted)
• Disability (not targeted)
• ICT as a tool for development (not targeted)

Description 

This project aims to build the capacity of public servants within various levels of government in Iraq to meet the decentralised authorities and accountabilities set out in the Iraqi Constitution. It also provides training to the Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) to help them manage the humanitarian crisis and incorporate immediate response measures into their longer-term development planning. The project activities include: (1) development of a virtual centre of fiscal federalism and holding of seminars, workshops and conferences, with the aim of achieving a common vision among stakeholders of federalism consistent with the Iraqi Constitution and the Iraqi context; (2) designing of fiscal arrangements and consequent instruments and tools necessary to support the Iraqi version of federalism; (3) developing and initiating the implementation of program and service decentralization for selected ministries; and (4) building institutional and individual capacity for those involved in decision making and managing of humanitarian and other major crises in the Kurdistan Governorate and Iraq. The project is expected to reach approximately 1,300 senior representatives from the political sphere, academia and officials at the federal, regional and governorate levels through their participation in networking, seminars, workshops and the building of institutional capacity.

Expected results 

The expected outcomes for this project include: (1) improved processes by the federal government, KRG and governorates to implement stable and predictable fiscal arrangements to support their constitutional responsibilities; and (2) improved management by the federal government and KRG in stabilizing government processes in reaction to crisis situations.

Results achieved 

Results achieved as of the end of the project (April 2020) include: (1) a baseline assessment of the state of fiscal federalism and decentralization in Iraq was completed; (2) training and capacity building was provided to senior Iraqi officials on how to more effectively operate in a federal state. More than 20 seminars and 800 meetings and workshops were facilitated on federalism and decentralization; (3) contribution was provided to the creation of the Centre of Excellence at Karbala University to provide training on federalism and decentralization; (4) a bill on the Public Financial Management Law was developed and drafted that modernizes the framework for public financial management in Iraq, which was passed by parliament in May 2019 and came into effect in 2020; (5) a Decentralization Framework with intergovernmental structures and processes was established to identify and address barriers to effective decentralization, which was piloted in the provinces of Maysan and Diwaniyah; (6) an assessment of the gender units within 2 ministries (Ministries of Education and Youth and Sports) and 4 provinces (Maysan, Diwaniyah, Kirkuk and Anbar) was completed; (7) Iraqi women were supported to develop leadership, advocacy and decision-making skills and assistance to the Government of Iraq, with the inclusion of gender considerations in its public policies, decisions and actions; and (8) a major international conference on decentralization was organized in Baghdad in January 2018.

Budget and spending 


Original budget $0
Planned disbursement $0
Transactions
Transaction Date Type Value
25-11-2020 Disbursement $250,000
25-02-2021 Disbursement $151,714
Country percentages by sector
Type of finance Aid grant excluding debt reorganisation
Collaboration type Bilateral
Type of aid Project-type interventions
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